Capital gains tax exemptions on primary residence

Navigating Capital Gains Tax: Exemptions for Your Primary Residence


Understanding the intricacies of Capital Gains Tax (CGT) is vital for homeowners. At Merranti Accounting, we provide clear guidance on how you can benefit from CGT exemptions when selling your primary residence. This blog explores the key aspects of these exemptions, ensuring you are well-prepared and informed.

What is Capital Gains Tax?

Capital Gains Tax is a tax on the profit made when you sell (or dispose of) an asset that has increased in value. It is the gain you make that is taxed, not the amount of money you receive. For most individuals, their home is not just a place to live but also a significant financial investment, making understanding CGT crucial.

Exemption on Primary Residence

Your main home, or ‘principal private residence’, has a special place in the tax landscape. The CGT exemption for primary residences means that most homeowners will not pay CGT on the sale of their home, provided certain conditions are met. Here’s what you need to know:

  • Principal Private Residence Relief (PPR): This relief is available if the property has been your only or main residence throughout the period of ownership.
  • Final Period Exemption: You get an automatic exemption for the last 9 months that you own the property, even if you weren’t living there at the time.

Qualifying for the Exemption

To qualify for PPR relief, several criteria must be met:

  • Occupation: You must have lived in the house as your main or only residence for some period during your ownership.
  • Ownership: The property must be owned by you or jointly with others.
  • Size of Grounds: The grounds, including the buildings, must not exceed half a hectare (approximately 1.23 acres) unless larger grounds are required for the reasonable enjoyment of the property.

Important Considerations

  • Absences: Some periods of absence are allowed (for example, working abroad) where the home remains your main residence. You may still qualify for relief if these absences meet specific conditions.
  • Letting Relief: If you let out part or all of your house, you might qualify for letting relief, which can further reduce your CGT bill when you sell the property.

Case Studies and Examples

Merranti Accounting can provide detailed case studies to illustrate how these exemptions work in practice, from couples relocating for work to families upsizing to accommodate growing needs. These real-life examples can clarify how regulations apply to various situations.

How Merranti Accounting Can Help

At Merranti Accounting, we offer comprehensive support and advice regarding CGT and your property:

  • Personalized Consultations: Tailored advice on how to manage your property assets effectively and maximize exemptions.
  • Tax Planning Strategies: Proactive strategies to minimize CGT liabilities, including timing the sale of your property.
  • Record-Keeping Assistance: Guidance on what records to keep and how to document your residency to support a claim for relief.


Understanding and applying for CGT exemptions on your primary residence can lead to significant tax savings. With Merranti Accounting’s expertise, you can navigate the complexities of CGT confidently. Whether planning a property sale or reassessing your assets, we are here to ensure that you make the most out of your investments. Contact us today to explore how we can assist you in optimizing your tax position while securing the financial benefits of your primary residence.